Individual Retirement Accounts

401k Limit

The 401k Limit governs how much you can contribute to your 401k as well as how much distribution you can make from your 401k account. The 401k Limit is set by the IRS and written in the Internal Revenue Code Section 401k. Each 401k plan can also have its own set of rules and 401k limits. In general, the 401k limit is high enough for people to accumulate their 401k assets tax free over time to pay for their retirement.


401k Limit
401k Contribution Limit

The 401k limit that most people have to pay particular attention to is the 401k contribution limit or the maximum 401k contribution amount that can be added to the 401k each year. If over-contribute to your 401k plan in a year, then you can be penalized and have to pay penalty on the excess amount on top of the allowed 401k contribution amount.

Total 401k limit

If you have more than one 401k account, the total amount of contribution in a year must not exceed the 401k contribution limit which is the smaller of the amount set by the company's 401k plan or the amount set by the IRS. Although most people do not have the funds to contribute to their 401k more than the amount allowed, there are people who earn so much that they would like to take advantage of the tax deferral in a 401k account more than the 401k limit allows.

Withdrawing from a 401k plan

Each 401k plan can also have different rule regarding 401k withdrawals. While a 401k early withdrawal is allowed under certain circumstances such as hardship, the 401k early withdrawal amount is taxed at the income bracket rate. There is also a 401k early withdrawal penalty that will apply to the amount withdrawn early that do not fall under certain exceptions of 401k early withdrawals.